Pharmacology Guide

Psychotherapeutics Agents

Anti-Anxiety/Anti-Panic Agents
benzodiazepines

 

Anti-Anxiety/Anti-Panic Agents
miscellaneous

 

Anti-Depressants
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors: SSRI’s

 

Anti-Depressants
miscellaneous

 

Tricyclic Anti-Depressants
TCA’s

 

Anti-Psychotic Agents
atypical (anti-psychotics with lower incidence of extrapyramidal “EPS” side effects)

 

Anti-Psychotic Agents
typical (not typically recommended for the brain injured individual without careful evaluation by psychiatry and neuropsychology due to high incidence of EPS)

  • Thorazine (chlorpromazine)
  • Haldol (haloperidol)
  • Cogentin (benztropine)* (NOTE: Cogentin is not an anti-psychotic agent, but is used in conjunction with them to reduce the incidence of EPS.)

 

Mood Stabilizers

NOTE: all of these, except lithium are primarily marketed as anti-epileptic drugs, but are very effective as mood stabilizers especially to reduce mania

 

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Management
SSRI’s

 

Psychostimulants
miscellaneous

Motor System

Anti-spasmodics
systemic

 

Anti-spasmodics
non-systemic, local

 

Dopaminergics

 

Anti-Seizure/Anti-Convulsants
hydantoin class

 

benzodiazepine class

 

Anti-Convulsants
miscellaneous

Memory/Cognition (Cholinesterase Inhibitors)

  • Aricept (donepezil hydrochloride)
  • Reminyl (galantamine) (NOTE: The name Reminyl will be changed to Razadyne during Summer 2005)
  • Exelon (rivastigmine)
  • Cognex (tacrine hydrochloride)
  • Namenda (memantine)

Pain Management

Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
NSAID’s

 

Anti-Migraine Drugs
selective 5-HT receptor agonists

 

Anti-Migraine
atypical

 

Non-Narcotic Analgesics

  • Extra-Strength Excedrin (acetaminophen/aspirin/caffeine)
  • Fiorinal (aspirin/caffeine/butalbital)
  • Fioricet (acetaminophen/caffeine/butalbital)
  • Midrin (isometheptene mucate/dichloralphenazone)

 

Narcotic Class

 

Analgesic Agents
miscellaneous

Hypnotic/Sleep Agents

 

Atypical Hypnotic
miscellaneous

 

Others

  • Antabuse (disulfiram), an alcoholic deterrent.
  • Antivert (meclizine hydrochloride, a piperazine-derivative antihistamine), an antiemetic, antivertigo.
  • Wellbutrin (Bupropion), used as an anti-depressant and also used in smoking cessation (through it effects on dopamine system)